Ep. 734: Interrogating Industrial Policies for Semiconductors

Mathieu Duchâtel and Pranay Kotasthane discuss the merits and demerits of government subsidies for building domestic semiconductor industries.

Mathieu is director of the Asia Program at Institut Montaigne, Paris. His current research is focused on the European Union’s policy on semiconductors.

Check out our courses: https://school.takshashila.org.in/

Ep. 733: Why China’s Technical Standardisation Strategy Matters

The talks of China’s ‘2035 Standards Project’ have materialised in the form of a guideline document released by the Chinese government. Arjun Gargeyas talks to Megha Pardhi about the recently released National Standardisation Development Outline document and the key takeaways from the proposed technical standardisation strategy of China.

Read Arjun’s articles on this topic here:

1. Why China’s quest to dominate global tech standards may be elusive for Beijing

2. India Can Take Lessons From China’s Technical Standardisation Strategy

Check out our courses: https://school.takshashila.org.in/

Ep. 732: A Year – End Review of China Tech

2021 was an eventful year for the technology sector in China. Milestones were reached and regulations were increased. Arjun Gargeyas talks to Megha Pardhi on the progress China made in certain critical and emerging technologies along with some landmark decisions taken by the Chinese government for its tech sector.

Check out our courses: https://school.takshashila.org.in/

Ep. 731: The Year Gone By In Tech Policy

2021 has been very eventful for watchers of Tech Policy developments. Rohan Seth joins Prateek Waghre and Sapni G K to discuss major events and trends in the space and their expectations for 2022.

Sign up for Takshashila’s courses- https://school.takshashila.org.in/

NOTE: We won’t have episodes on 30th and 31st December 2021, due to New Year’s Eve.

Ep. 730: Our 2021 Reading List (Part 2)

2021 has been a long year. One thing that remained constant was Takshashila’s love for books. Rohan Seth talks to Nitin Pai and Manoj Kewalramani to discuss their reading lists for this year.

You can check out Takshashila’s courses here: school.takshashila.org.in/

NOTE: We won’t have episodes on 30th and 31st December 2021, due to New Year’s Eve.

  1. The Alexandria Quartet by Lawrence Durrell
  2. The Legend of the Condor Heroes by Jin Yong
  3. Once an Eagle by Anton Myrer
  4. The Dandelion Dynasty Series by Ken Liu
  5. All Quiet on the Western Front by Erich Maria Remarque
  6. A Time to Love and a Time to Die by Erich Maria
  7. Death: A Life by George Pendle
  8. The Jeeves Collection by P.G. Wodehouse
  9. The Origin of Satan by Elaine Pagels
  10. From Rebel to Ruler: One Hundred Years of the Chinese Communist Party by Tony Saich
  11. Tiananmen Square: The Making of a Protest by Vijay Gokhale
  12. The Long Game: How the Chinese Negotiate with India by Vijay Gokhale
  13. The Fractured Himalaya: India Tibet China 1949-1962 by Nirupama Rao
  14. Smokeless War: China’s Quest for Geopolitical Dominance by Manoj Kewalramani
  15. A Collection of Essays of Mao Zedong
  16. The Strategy of Denial: American Defense in an Age of Great Power Conflict by Elbridge A. Colby
  17. The Long Game: China’s Grand Strategy to Displace American Order (Bridging the Gap) by Rush Doshi
  18. Stronger: Adapting America’s China Strategy in an Age of Competitive Interdependence by Ryan Hass
  19. Wanderers, Kings, Merchants: The Story of India through Its Languages by Peggy Mohan
  20. The Second World Wars: How the First Global Conflict Was Fought and Won by Victor Davis Hanson
  21. Liberalism: The Life of an Idea by Edmund Fawcett
  22. How Innovation Works by Matt Ridley
  23. Jugalbandi: The BJP Before Modi by Vinay Sitapati
  24. Rethinking Chinese politics by Joseph Fewsmith
  25. Nehru, Tibet and China by AS Bhasin’s
  26. David Shum’s Red Roulette
  27. China’s Western Horizon: Beijing and the New Geopolitics of Eurasia by Daniel Market
  28. Superpower Interrupted by Michael Shuman
  29. In the Dragon’s Shadow: Southeast Asia in the Chinese Century by Sebastian Strangio
  30. Pradeep Chhibber, Ideology and Identity: The Changing Party Systems of India
  31. Zealot by Reza Aslan
  32. Humankind: A Hopeful History by Rutger Bregman (Nitin’s Book of the Year)

Ep. 729: Will Russia invade Ukraine?

With the 30th anniversary of the collapse of the USSR approaching, there is a significant Russian military buildup on Ukraine’s border. After a similar crisis in April fizzled out, there are again renewed fears that an offensive may be in the offing. A set of two draft treaties published by the Russian Foreign Ministry and the Kremlin’s sharp rhetoric about the need for Russia to receive legally binding security guarantees is making headlines. Prasanna Naidu joins Aditya Pareek to unpack the recent developments and possible scenarios in which the crisis may pan out.

NOTE: We won’t have episodes on 30th and 31st December 2021, due to New Year’s Eve.

Check out our courses: https://school.takshashila.org.in/

Ep. 728: From Romans to MDGs: The Stories of Public Health

Did you know it was approximately 600 years ago when quarantine was used for the first time? Indeed, the origins of public health may be traced back many centuries. In this episode, Mahek Nankani and Harshit Kukreja discuss some fascinating stories about the growth of public health from around the world. Tune in for some engrossing and thought-provoking tale.

Check out our courses: https://school.takshashila.org.in/

Ep. 727: The Fishermen Dispute and India – Sri Lanka Relations

The recent arrest of more than 50 fishermen by the Lankan Navy is bound to exert stress upon the India-Sri Lanka relations. The ongoing feud between the Tamil fishermen on the two sides of Palk Strait has coincided with China’s unprecedented outreach to the Tamil community in Sri Lanka. Why is China looking to increase its footprint in northern Sri Lanka? How is this going to impact the larger India-Sri Lanka-China equation? Prasanna Naidu talks to Shrey Khanna on the evolving geopolitical situation in Sri Lanka.

Here is an explainer video about the fishermen dispute – India and Sri Lanka’s violent fight over fish

Check out our courses: https://school.takshashila.org.in/

Ep. 726: Digital Communication Networks and their Benefits

Over the last few years, a number of harms associated with Digital Communication Networks (DCNs) have been documented and extensively reported on. At the same time, we also need to update our understanding of the opportunities and benefits they enable to inform policy decisions about their governance. In this episode, Prateek Waghre and Sapni GK join Rohan Seth to discuss their discussion document on the benefits of DCNs.

Read our Discussion Document and Working Paper on this topic:

1. Governance of DCNs II: Opportunities and Benefits

2. Governance of DCNs I: Categorisation of Harms

Check out our courses: school.takshashila.org.in

Ep. 725: China’s Developments in Tibet

China is building civilian and military infrastructure in Tibet. Based on Takshashila’s recent publication, Suyash Desai and Manoj Kewalramani discuss the details of China’s infrastructure building and implications on the border dispute with India.

Read Suyash’s document here – Civilian and Military Developments in Tibet

Suggested readings:

Infrastructure Development in Tibet and its Implications for India

Should India worry about China conducting military exercises in Tibet?

Check out our courses: https://school.takshashila.org.in/

Ep. 724: Our 2021 Reading List (Part 1)

2021 has been a long year. One thing that remained constant at Takshashila was our love for reading. Rohan Seth and Manoj Kewalramani join Nitin Pai to talk about their reading lists and learnings from policy, tech, international relations and beyond.

If you like this podcast, check out our courses here: http://school.takshashila.org.in/

Here are some of the books mentioned, apologies if we were unable to capture all of them.

  1. India and the Bangladesh liberation war the definitive story by Chandrashekhar Dasgupta
  2. Naoroji: Pioneer of Indian Nationalism by Dinyar Patel
  3. The Fractured Himalaya: India Tibet China 1949-1962 by Nirupama Rao
  4. Smokeless War: China’s Quest for Geopolitical Dominance by Manoj Kewalramani
  5. Experiments in Animal Behaviour: Cutting-Edge Research at Trifling Cost by Raghavendra Gadagkar
  6. Dear Data by Giorgia Lupi and Stefanie Posavec
  7. Naked Statistics: Stripping the Dread from the Data by Charles Wheelan
  8. A Trident of Wisdom by Abhinava Gupta and Jaideva Singh
  9. Who Are We?: An Enquiry into the Indian Mind and How We Came to Be Who We Are by Rajesh Kasturirangan
  10. The Courage To Be Disliked: How to free yourself, change your life and achieve real happiness by Ichiro Kishimi and Fumitake Koga
  11. Fearless Freedom by Kavita Krishnan
  12. The War of the Poor by Eric Vuillard
  13. Invisible Women: Exposing Data Bias in a World Designed for Men by Caroline Criado Perez
  14. Plagues and Peoples by William McNeill
  15. The WEIRDest People in the World: How the West Became Psychologically Peculiar and Particularly Prosperous by Joseph Henrich

Ep. 723: The Case Against Prohibition

Last year India voted in the UN to remove cannabis from the list of most dangerous substances. More recently, there was outrage with respect to the alcohol prohibition laws in Bihar. In this episode, Samparna Tripathy and Meryl Mammen Kurien talk to Sarthak Pradhan about the consequences of prohibition policies. They also discuss alternative approaches to prohibition policies.

Check out our courses: school.takshashila.org.in

Ep. 722: Importance of Financial Literacy for Jobs

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) describes financial literacy as “a combination of awareness, knowledge, skill, attitude and behaviour necessary to make sound financial decisions and ultimately achieve individual financial wellbeing.” The economic impact of financial literacy has often been ignored. In this episode, Aarushi Kataria and Sridhar Krishna discuss the impact of financial literacy on women, entrepreneurship, and the economy in light of Takshashila’s 20 Million Jobs project.

Reading List:

The Economic Importance of Financial Literacy: Theory and Evidence by Lusardi and Mitchell

National Strategy for Financial Education: 2020-2025 by Reserve Bank of India

Financial Literacy Programs Improve Productivity, Performance by Mohney

The Effects of Financial Literacy on Sustainable Entrepreneurship by Burchi et al.

Financial Literacy and Economic Outcomes: Evidence and Policy Implications by Mitchell and Lusardi.

Sign up for Takshashila’s courses – school.takshashila.org.in

Ep. 721: Understanding the Developments on Indian Internet Shutdowns

The Parliamentary Standing Committee on Communications and Information Technology recently presented its report on the Suspension of Telecom Services/Internet and its impact relating to the Ministry of Communications (Department of Telecommunications). Prateek Waghre and Sapni G K join Rohan Seth to discuss the findings, recommendations and what the report left unanswered.

You can read the report here – Report on Suspension of Telecom Services/Internet and its impact relating to the Ministry of Communications (Department of Telecommunications)

Sign up for Takshashila’s courses – school.takshashila.org.in

Ep. 720: What Exactly Does Russia Want?

Russia is increasingly garnering attention with tensions in Europe over Ukraine and energy supplies. Recently, Moscow conducted joint bomber patrols and naval drills with China and a unilateral A-SAT test, confusing many observers. Amidst these developments, President Putin met Prime Minister Modi in Delhi during a 2+2 engagement and attended another virtual summit with US President Joe Biden. Aditya Pareek talks to Shrey Khanna about Russia’s motivations, its insecurity with the G-2 and the logic behind its growing alliance with China.

Suggested Readings:

Aditya Pareek’s article about Russia and China Fisheries trade war

Dr. Andrey Gubin’s article about cross border transport and logistics between Russia and China

Poll cited in the podcast

Check out our courses: https://school.takshashila.org.in/

Ep. 719: The China Factor in the US – Australia Quantum Tech Agreement

The shadow of geopolitical competition with China looms large over the recent cooperation agreement on Quantum Science and Technology between Australia and the US. Megha Pardhi and Shrey Khanna discuss the Agreement, the role of China, and India’s initiatives to promote research in quantum technologies.

Subscribe to the China Tech Dispatch here.

Ep. 718: Gender Inequality in the Fashion World

The fashion industry has a gender issue. Despite the fact that women make up the majority of consumers and makers of clothing, there is a significant prevalence of gender discrimination. In today’s episode, Priyal Lyncia joins Aarthi Ratnam to discuss two key components – The gender inequalities that exist in the fashion world and what recommendations can be made to shatter the glass runway.

Suggested Readings:

The Bewildering and Sexist History of Women’s Pockets

Shattering the glass runway

Fashion’s Woman Problem

Ep. 717: Breathing New Life into India-Russia Relations

The first-ever Russia-India 2+2 summit took place on the 6th of December, 2021. With 28 agreements signed between the two strategic partners during the meeting, the outlook for the relationship is largely positive. In recent years, Russia’s relationship with China and India’s relationship with the US has complicated the dynamics between India and Russia. Aditya Pareek and Aditya Ramanathan discuss the various points of divergences and rapprochement between New Delhi and Moscow.

Read Aditya Pareek’s Kommersant article on the India-Russia 2+2 summit here.

Ep. 716: Australia’s “Anti-Trolling” Bill & Internet Anonymity

The Australian Government has published a draft Social Media (Anti-Trolling) Bill that aims to make social media platforms identify anonymous users in matters involving defamation. Prateek Waghre and Sapni GK join Rohan Seth to discuss its provisions, what it could mean for anonymity on the internet, and broader implications for India.

Suggested Readings:

Draft of the Social Media (Anti-Trolling) Bill 2021

Jillian C. York’s collection of resources on Anonymity

Ep. 715: Unpacking the National Family Health Survey (NFHS5) report

What does the decreased total fertility rate mean? How should we read the decreased sex ratio? How does India fare on the nutrition front? What could be a few policy implications of these? Apurva Kumar and Suman Joshi try to unpack these and other findings of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS5) report.

Suggested Readings:

National Family Health Survey, India

A close reading of the NFHS-5, the health of India – Ashwini Deshpande

NFHS: Does India really have more women than men? – Geeta Pandey

You can listen to our previous episode on fortification of rice here